Occupational therapy

Possibilities with occupational therapy

Fine motor skills
We use fine motor skills activities to train e.g. eye-hand-coordination and development of the pencil grip, scissor cutting grip, eating grip, and grip for use when getting dressed/undressed. This is done through games where the child is naturally motivated to use his/her hands to manipulate, use both hands together, feel, coordinate, strengthen, and define his/her grip. There are many games that can be used to train and strengthen the fine motor skills, and it is the therapist’s job to find exactly what motivates each child to practise something, which is actually difficult, and which he/she would prefer to avoid.

Communication
We work with structured communication through pictures, Signed Speech, switch adapted toys, communications programmes on the computer, etc.

Oral placement
We offer examination, guidance, and therapy for children with difficulties within the following areas: 1) sucking, swallowing, and chewing 2) eating and drinking, 2) drooling and 4) communication and gestures/facial expressions. Each child’s difficulties are analysed, and we provide guidance with regard to methods and exercises that can be made at home. Furthermore, we have a Castillo Morales therapist, who works with a specific form of therapy under this concept, and we also use a number of other methods and concepts.

Sight (Visual Perception)
Some children have difficulties identifying and interpreting visual information quickly and precisely. Among other things, this can make it difficult to do a puzzle, read, and spell. Via different examinations and tests, the occupational therapists can identify the child’s visual perception problems. Based on the results, the therapists work out some strategies that make it easier for the child to learn the various skills.

Computer training
We test the child with the computer and work with special programmes developed to train different motor and learning skills. The actual purpose of the computer test is to uncover how the work space around the computer is arranged, alternative input devices, and suitable programmes for the individual child. Usually the first thing we look at is how the child is able to operate the computer. A touch screen to begin with, a single switch, or a special mouse device? And when can you start using a traditional mouse?

ADL-training
ADL stands for Activities of Daily Living. ADL-training is all about teaching children ordinary, everyday activities such as getting dressed/undressed, eating on his/her own, playing with other children, and handling daily hygiene. Occupational therapists can help children to become quite self-sufficient and motivate them to engage in playing and learning. ADL can also be used e.g. for including training of the use of both hands in everyday activities. Below, you can see Annika, who is training the use of her left hand, strength, precision, and using both hands together – and also making a little money by performing an everyday activity.

Helping aids
Our occupational therapists can guide and test small helping aids for eating and cooking, writing tools, hand splints, alternative input devices for the computer, ball blankets, pillows, and chairs.

Guidance and direction
Parents, social educators, and others close to the child can receive guidance and good advice as to how they can stimulate the child’s development in the above areas, e.g. via an idea programme.